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Bed Bugs

Bed Bugs

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They are nocturnal blood-sucking insects that are reddish-brown in color. Bed bugs undergo incomplete metamorphosis. The eggs are laid singly or in clusters cemented to surfaces in cracks and crevices, on furniture or walls. The eggs will hatch into nymphs, and the nymphs will undergo 5 molts to become adults. A blood meal is required for each molt. The adult form is often only distinguishable from the nymph by size and the presence of wing pads. All life stages of bed bugs are obligatory blood feeders: nymphs require blood meal to molt, while adults require blood meal to reproduce.

They are gregarious and opportunistic feeders, where they feed as much as possible until the body is fully engorged. Nymphs become fully engorged after feeding for 3-10 mins while adults may take 10-15 mins. They will feed on other animals when human hosts are not available.

Bed bugs will only approach a host when they intend to feed, but spend most of their time hiding or resting in their hiding sites. They are attracted to the host by the presence of carbon dioxide and body heat. Hence, feeding is stimulated by the higher amount of CO2 in the presence of humans. They are attracted by the body heat of the host when they are closer to the host. They will pierce the skin with a proboscis, and inject saliva which contains anticoagulants (prevent blood from clotting) and anesthetics. Bites cannot be felt until some minutes or hours later.

Common Bed Bugs in Singapore

Although they are not as commonly found in private homes as they are in public spaces where everyone lounges, sleeps, or sits, like in the theatre or hotels, the risk is still present. While bedbugs are not carriers of diseases, experiencing an infestation is highly distressing and the situation can quickly escalate if left untreated.

If you have spotted a bedbug infestation, high chances are it’s either of these 2 species:

COMMON BED BUG (Cimex lectularius)

The Cimex lectularius is often present where temperate climates are, feeding off human blood, or animals, if they’re unable the find the former. They are nocturnal in nature, and therefore feed late into the night, while hiding when the sun is up. Fairly large in size, they can grow up to five millimeters in length, and are rusty red-brown coloured.

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TROPICAL BED BUG (Cimex hemipterus)

While the Cimex hemipterus is closely similar to the Cimex lectularius, it differs in the sense wherein it is smaller in size, growing up to a maximum of three millimetres long, and mainly feeds on human blood. It is typically drawn to areas on one’s body where the skin is covered by clothing, such as the waistline.

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Reactions and Risks Associated with Bed Bugs Bites

Bedbug bites can cause an allergic reaction to the skin, with the presence of itchy, red bumps, or even blood blisters. These bites can occur individually, and often follow a distinctive pattern of a linear group of three bites. These patterns of bites are caused when a bed bug is disturbed during feeding such as when a person is moving, before the bed bug resumes feeding. Bed bug bites also often occur in lines marking the paths of blood vessels running close to the surface of the skin. However, not everyone reacts to bed bug bites (30% to 60% of people bitten by bed bugs often have no reactions). Bed bug bites are painless at first, but later turn into itchy welts. Bite reactions include itching sensations, a burning feel, swelling and red marks. Bed bugs are not known to spread any diseases, however secondary infections may happen if bite sites are accidentally scratched and exposed to infectious pathogens.

Identifying Bed Bug Infestations

Many believe that these pests prefer unhygienic environments because they are attracted to dirt and decay. However, this is a complete myth. The presence of bed bugs is not evidence of unclean or unsanitary conditions.

They are attracted by CO2 and body heat. This means that dirty areas and clean areas are both equally as attractive to them as long as there are people around. They commonly relocate by hitching rides in luggage, boxes, shoes, furniture and mattresses (especially secondhand ones).

The signs of bed bug infestation include signs of bites on the host, scattered cast skin of bed bugs, presence of adults or eggs, blood stains on bedding, and sickly sweet and pungent odour when heavily infested.

bed bugs spotted on a zipper
cimix bed bugs heat treatment tool

Solutions and Treatments for Bed Bugs

Control of these bugs is best achieved by following an integrated pest management (IPM) approach that involves preventive measures, sanitation, and chemicals applied to targeted sites.

Our technician will do a thorough inspection of the premises to locate bed bugs and their harbourage sites so that cleaning efforts together with steam and insecticide treatments can be focused, that why we’re featured as top range of the pest control industry in Singapore . Inspection efforts will concentrate on the mattress, box springs, and bed frame, as well as cracks and crevices that the bed bugs may hide in during the day or when digesting a blood meal.

Our treatment involves the use of CIMEX ERADICATOR (using superheated steam technology) which eliminates 100% of the eggs and a very high proportion of the mobile insects with a single treatment. Within a few seconds of exposure to the flow of steam from Cimex Eradicator, the adults and larvae, as well as eggs are killed. There are potentially no toxic substances released to the environment. Moreover, it is sanitizing. As well as killing bedbugs, it eliminates bacteria, fungi and dust mites from the surfaces treated.

About our Bed Bug Removal Service

Our comprehensive bedbug treatment plan involves a series of four intensive sessions conducted once a week over a month. This approach ensures the complete eradication of both bedbugs and their eggs. Although we cannot guarantee it as it’s not 100% in our hands, we’ve always managed to solve our customer’s bed bugs infestation even for heavy ones!  During the first treatment, our expert team will perform a thorough inspection to identify all the hiding spots where bedbugs may be lurking on top of the first chemical and heat application.

The treatment process includes both chemical and steam methods, each targeting different stages of the bedbug lifecycle. The chemical treatment effectively controls the adult bedbug population, reducing their numbers significantly. Meanwhile, the steam treatment utilizes high temperatures to kill living bed bugs and their nymph (baby bed bugs).

By combining these 2 methods, we ensure a holistic approach to bedbug eradication. Each of the 4 treatments is crucial, as they collectively break the bedbug lifecycle, addressing both immediate infestations (so you can sleep better from the 1st day onwards) and potential future outbreaks (approx 3 months). This meticulous process helps making sure that bedbugs and their eggs are completely eliminated, providing you with a safe and pest-free home environment.

Do you know…

Bedbugs are very efficient and effective travelers! They don’t fly or jump onto humans, but rather, latch onto personal belongings like your backpacks, clothing, or luggage that you carry around as transport.

 They have other means for travel too, especially once they’ve infested a particular home. Bed bugs can actually crawl into openings such as vents or beneath doors to spread out to adjacent rooms within a similar property.

F.A.Q on Bed Bugs in Singapore

These pests are small, flat, and oval-shaped insects that can be difficult to spot. Adult bed bugs are about the size of an apple seed, measuring 5-7 mm in length. Their bodies are long and brown, becoming more balloon-like and reddish-brown if they have recently fed. They are considered true bugs, characterized by a beak with 3 segments, antennae with 4 parts, and wings that they do not use for flying. Young bed bugs, also known as nymphs, are smaller and translucent or whitish-yellow. If they have not recently fed, they can be nearly invisible due to their coloring and size. Bed bug eggs are tiny, about the size of a pinhead, pearl-white in color, and may have an eye spot if more than five days old. An adult bed bug usually emits a musty-sweetish odor from glands on the lower side of their body, which can be a sign of an infestation.

Bed bugs are quite adaptable and can enter homes through various means. They often hitch rides on luggage, furniture, and bedding when these items are moved into a new home. Second-hand furniture, especially used mattresses, can be a significant source of bed bug infestations. It is crucial to inspect these items carefully for signs of bed bugs or their droppings before bringing them into your home. Even vacant homes can harbor bed bugs as they can survive for over two months without feeding. Bed bugs can also move between apartments through wall voids and utility lines, making them a persistent problem in multi-unit buildings. Due to their resilience and ability to hide in small cracks and crevices, professional pest control treatments, such as heat treatments, are often necessary to eliminate them effectively.

Bedbugs go through several life stages from egg to adulthood. Their lifespan ranges from 3 to 12 months, but they can remain dormant for up to a year in the absence of food. Female bed bugs lay 1-7 eggs daily, usually in hidden places like mattress seams and bed frames. These eggs hatch into nymphs within 7-15 days, which then go through five molting stages before becoming adults, that’s why we recommend 4 treatments to completely solve your issues. Each nymph stage takes about a week under optimal conditions but can extend to 4-6 months if conditions are poor. Adults are about 7-8 mm in size and can live between 4 to 18 months. Bed bugs reach sexual maturity as adults, with females capable of laying hundreds of eggs in their lifetime, leading to rapid population growth if not controlled early.

No, they are not black. Adult bed bugs are reddish-brown in color, while nymphs are nearly translucent or whitish-yellow. Their color changes to a darker reddish-brown after feeding

Yes, their bites can be itchy and cause discomfort. To relieve symptoms, you can apply over-the-counter steroid creams, take oral antihistamines, and use pain relievers. Home remedies such as cold clothes, ice packs, or baking soda paste can also help. In severe cases, consult a doctor for stronger medications. However, please note that these are general recommendations and not medical advice.

Bed bug sprays can be purchased from NTUC, Guardian, and Lazada. However, we recommend extensive heat treatments as the most effective solution for bed bug infestations. Heat treatments can penetrate hidden areas and kill bed bugs at all life stages without the need for chemical sprays.

They hide in cracks, crevices, and mattresses to stay close to their human hosts. They are commonly found in mattress seams, bed frames, headboards, and other furniture near sleeping areas.

No, they cannot jump or fly. They move by crawling and typically spread by hitching rides on personal belongings such as luggage, purses, and clothing. Unlike fleas, bed bugs cannot jump long distances.

Bedbugs can be killed by heat treatments, chemical sprays, and prolonged starvation. Heat treatments above 60 degrees Celsius are particularly effective in eliminating bed bugs at all life stages. In addition, bed bugs can be eradicated by professional pest control services that combine these methods for comprehensive treatment.

Temperatures above 60 degrees Celsius are lethal to bed bugs. This is why heat treatments are highly effective in reaching and maintaining these temperatures to ensure the complete eradication of bed bugs and their eggs.

Bed bugs can enter homes through infested furniture, luggage, and personal belongings. They can hitch a ride on items placed on soft or upholstered surfaces and travel between rooms in multi-unit buildings like apartment condos and HDB flats. Always inspect new and used furniture before bringing it inside and be cautious with luggage when returning from trips.

To prevent bed bugs from entering your home, inspect new and used furniture thoroughly before bringing it inside. When staying in hotels, use a luggage stand to keep your bags off the bed and floor, and wash your travel clothes in hot water upon returning home. Regularly check for signs of bed bugs in your home and take prompt action if you suspect an infestation.

Yes, they are visible to the naked eye. You can see adult bed bugs, their shed skins, and their droppings in mattress seams and other hiding spots. Blood stains on sheets are also a sign of bedbug activity.

No, bedbugs cannot bite through clothes. They must come into direct contact with your skin to feed. However, they can easily find exposed areas while you sleep, and thin or mesh-like fabrics may allow them to reach your skin.

No, bedbugs cannot bite through clothes. They must come into direct contact with your skin to feed. However, they can easily find exposed areas while you sleep, and thin or mesh-like fabrics may allow them to reach your skin.

Bed bug bites can cause itchy welts that appear within a few days and may take up to 14 days to develop. Symptoms usually resolve within a week if there is no further irritation, but repeated bites can lead to increased sensitivity and quicker reactions over time.

Yes, bedbugs can bite and feed on cats and dogs in infested homes. While they prefer human hosts, bed bugs will feed on pets if necessary. Regularly check your pets’ bedding and sleeping areas for signs of bedbugs.

Bed bugs primarily feed on the blood of humans. They are attracted to the carbon dioxide and body heat emitted by their hosts, which is why they are commonly found near sleeping areas. In the absence of human hosts, bed bugs may feed on other warm-blooded animals such as pets

Are you experiencing similar bed bugs issue?

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