Environmental Sanitation (ES) Regime: Upholding Public Health through shared responsibility in Singapore

Singapore is renowned for its cleanliness. This reputation is not by accident, but rather the result of a concerted effort by the government and the public. A key player in this ongoing initiative is the Environmental Sanitation (ES) Regime, a set of mandatory cleaning and disinfection standards launched in July 2021 by the National Environment Agency (NEA). This article delves into the core aspects of the ES Regime and its significance for public health in Singapore. 

Why the ES Regime? 


Prior to the ES Regime, hygiene practices in various sectors were governed by a patchwork of guidelines and recommendations. It aims to address this by establishing a clear and consistent framework. It focuses on: 

1) Higher-risk environments: This regime prioritizes premises with vulnerable occupants, such as eldercare facilities and schools, and those with high footfall, like food courts and shopping malls. 

2) Accountability and ownership: The regime places the onus of maintaining cleanliness on premises managers. This fosters a sense of responsibility and ensures proactive hygiene measures. 

3) Co-regulation: The ES Regime represents a shift towards a collaborative approach. The NEA provides guidance and enforcement, while premises managers take ownership of implementing sanitation measures. 


Targeting High-Risk Premises 

The ES Regime prioritizes locations with vulnerable occupants or high foot traffic. This includes: 

  • Food Establishments: Coffeeshops, food courts, canteens, community kitchens, markets, and hawker centres 
  • Educational Institutions: Preschools, schools, and student care centres 
  • Eldercare Facilities: Community care and eldercare facilities 
  • Social Service Facilities: Social service residences and day-care centres 
  • Shopping Malls: Malls with significant retail space (implemented from August 2022) 

These locations pose a greater risk of outbreaks due to the presence of vulnerable populations or the potential for rapid transmission through high footfall. By implementing stricter sanitation protocols in these areas, the ES Regime aims to create a safer environment for all. 

Benefits of the ES Regime 

The ES Regime offers a multitude of benefits for public health in Singapore: 

  • Reduced Risk of Disease: Improved hygiene and sanitation practices lower the chances of the spread of infectious diseases. 
  • Enhanced Public Confidence: A clean and sanitary environment fosters a sense of well-being and public trust. 
  • Improved Productivity: Studies have shown a positive correlation between clean workspaces and employee productivity. 
  • Stronger Regulatory Framework: The ES Regime provides a clear and enforceable framework for maintaining hygiene standards. 


Key Requirements of the ES Regime 


Premises managers under the ES Regime are required to develop and implement an Environmental Sanitation Programme. This program outlines a series of measures to ensure cleanliness and hygiene. Some key requirements include: 

  • Cleaning and Disinfection: Frequent routine cleaning and disinfection are required, along with a minimum of six-monthly thorough cleaning and disinfection. 
  • Surface Maintenance: Surfaces and fixtures must undergo maintenance at least once a year. 
  • Daily Inspections: A minimum of 10% of the premises must be inspected daily to identify and address any hygiene issues. 
  • Cleaning Protocols: Documented cleaning and disinfection protocols must be established and followed. 
  • Staff Training and Equipment: Staff must be adequately trained on sanitation procedures and provided with the necessary cleaning equipment and disinfectants. 
  • Cleanliness Outcomes: Outcome-based cleanliness indicators must be achieved to demonstrate the effectiveness of the implemented practices. 


Effective Pest Management: A Key Component 

The ES Regime recognizes the importance of pest control in maintaining a hygienic environment. It mandates the implementation of a pest management plan, which includes a crucial element that is Comprehensive Pest Management Survey (CPMS). This mandatory survey, conducted by a registered vector control operator at least every six months, is vital for: 

  • Evaluating Effectiveness: Assessing the effectiveness of the existing pest management plan. 
  • Identifying Infestations: Looking for signs of pest activity that may indicate an infestation. 
  • Pinpointing Risk Factors: Identifying potential food and water sources, harbourage sites (where pests live and hide), and entry points that could attract pests. 
  • Structural Recommendations: Providing recommendations for addressing structural defects or irregularities that might facilitate pest entry or harbourage. 
  • Common Pests: The survey targets common vectors like mosquitoes, rats, cockroaches, and flies. 

Verminator is your trusted partner in fulfilling the ES Regime’s pest management requirements.  We offer comprehensive pest management surveys conducted by our team of registered vector control operators.  Our surveys go beyond the minimum requirements, providing a detailed analysis of your premises and a customized plan to effectively manage and prevent pest issues. 



The Environmental Sanitation Regime is a significant step forward in safeguarding public health in Singapore. By promoting shared responsibility and mandating baseline sanitation standards, the ES Regime fosters a cleaner and healthier environment for everyone. As Singapore continues to prioritize public health and well-being, the ES Regime is certain to play a vital role in maintaining its reputation as a clean and vibrant nation.